Wednesday, January 9, 2013

Preschoolers and their Games

Preschool childhood is often called “the age of playing”. Psychologists and teachers consider games as the main type of activity of any kid who does not go to school. It results from social conditionality of kids’ development. The game is a special form of kids’ existence in the community which has great importance for them. It is an activity in which children perform roles of adults recreating conditions of adults’ life, work and relationship. Playing children cognize life in all its phenomena.

The games of preschoolers and  pupils of elementary school (from the age 5-6 years old up to the age of 8-9 years) are characteristic with main orientation to human relationships in contrast with games of younger children  (0-5 years old) which are mainly oriented at manipulations with inanimate things and objects. Of course preschoolers continue to perceive nonliving nature and articles around them, but human relations take most part of their games.

The games of preschoolers take the form of role-playing, the children learn be a part of children’s’ community which imitates in many traits the community of adults. Compliance with the rules becomes the main thing in the games. The rules may rapidly and often change, but they must remain in the limits of chosen roles and game “storyline”. In a collective game between real children a real relationship arises that leads in the future to individual liking and disliking, to friendship and to disaffection.

The games develop real social skills of children that is why very important not to let children often play online and computer games since these games misrepresent somehow the real life, real human relations and real properties of things.

In addition to distorted model of the world in their brains the children succumbed to the charm of on-line and computer games become physically underdeveloped since the single muscles which work during online and computer playing are eye muscles and hand muscles. These are quite tiny muscles, especially eye muscles which can easily be overloaded during the games. Eye muscles overload often leads to vision disorders and hand muscles overload can cause such unfavorable disorders as numbness of fingers or cramps.

So it is highly recommendable that children under 8 years were not using computer at all even for learning purposes. From time to time a computer can be used as a movie or music center, but in this case a child has to be at a reasonable distance from it.